What is Clubfoot?
Clubfoot is a common pediatric foot deformity. The feet twist inward and downward at the ankles in such a way that the ankle or side of the foot meets the ground while walking instead of the sole of the foot. It is twice as common in males as in females. The leg and foot may be smaller and calves less developed than normal.
How is Clubfoot Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of pediatric foot deformities involves reviewing your child’s history and symptoms and conducting a thorough physical examination of the foot and ankle. Clubfoot can be diagnosed during a routine ultrasound performed during pregnancy itself. X-rays of the foot may be required to confirm the diagnosis made clinically.
What are the Treatment Options for Clubfoot?
The initial treatment for clubfoot is the use of non-surgical methods, preferably begun in the first week of life. Repeated manipulation and casting using the Ponseti method comprise the non-surgical treatment modalities. Following this, a surgical procedure may be performed to release a tight Achilles tendon.